Trumpdate: What's in Ivanka's "paid family leave" plan?

President Trump's address to Congress last night didn't have much on labor and employment issues, apart from the creation of jobs (which is no small thing and would be awesome if it pans out).

Ivanka Trump.flickrCC.RichGirard
Ivanka Trump

But he did mention "paid family leave," ever so briefly.

Credit (or blame) for the concept of paid family leave goes to the President's daughter Ivanka, herself a businesswoman and mother of two young children. The plan is still a work in progress, but here is a broad outline as it currently stands:

Moms would be entitled to six weeks of paid maternity leave, which would be financed through state unemployment systems. There has been talk that restricting the leave to mothers is unconstitutional. As I've said before, I disagree, because new mothers are uniquely situated in the first six weeks after the birth of a child (in other words, they're the only ones who have an actual physical disability), which I think would eliminate any equal protection concerns. In any event, it now appears that the concept may be expanded to include fathers and LGBT parents who did not give birth to the child. If they do that, I don't see how they couldn't expand it further to include all adoptive parents, so be on the lookout for that, too.

Families would be entitled to a tax deduction for child care expenses. As it stands now, the deduction would be available to parents with annual income of less than $250,000, and to couples with income of less than $500,000. The less-well-heeled would be entitled to an earned income tax credit for child care. Right now, there doesn't appear to be anything for parents whose income is so low that they don't pay taxes, and arguably they are the most in need of help with child care expenses.

According to some reports, some Democrats have indicated a willingness to work with Ms. Trump because they generally favor paid family and medical leave, and they see Ms. Trump's proposal as giving them a foot in the door. For the same reason, resistance is expected to come from Republicans, and also because the plan as it currently stands is estimated to cost about $500 billion over the next ten years. Ouch!

Like I said, this is a work in progress. A lot is sure to change before a plan is formally presented to Congress. We'll keep you posted.

Image Credit: From flickr, Creative Commons license, by Rich Girard.

Robin Shea has 30 years' experience in employment litigation, including Title VII and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act (including the Amendments Act). 
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